General: Caraway plants have a thick, tapering roots like that of a parsnip and fern-like, green foliage. Flower clusters, are white tinged with pink and appear in mid summer. The stems of the delicate flowers produce seed cases, each containing two seeds. Leaves can be added to salads; the seeds are commonly used in baking.
Culinary Uses: Commonly known and used for the seeds it produces. It is peppery, earthy and even a little citrusy . Classic with pastrami sandwiches, rye and pumpernickel breads. It cuts through the richness of meat dishes and gives character to cabbage.
Medicinal Uses: A good remedy for colds and congestion, it contains mild antihistamines, antimicrobial compounds that help to relax the muscles that cause coughing spasms. Caraway seeds are also used in a number of medicinal preparations for treating disorders such as rheumatism, eye infections, and toothaches. Caraway seed oil is used in treating fungus infections as well, and is effective against candida infections. In combination with peppermint oil it can relieve the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome and indigestion.
Ornamental Uses: Bluish green leaves much divided into threadlike segments grow from a somewhat fleshy taproot. Usually flowers bloom during the second year with white to pink flowers and when the seeds ripen the tops and roots die.